České Budějovice Information
The South Bohemian capital with a population of one ninety thousand was founded by the Bohemian King Přemysl Otakar II in 1265 on the confluence of the Rivers Malše and Vltava (Moldau) as a royal city so the king could strengthen his position of power in South Bohemia.
The strong fortifications made the city a strategically important place during the Hussite Wars, the later estates uprising and the subsequent Thirty Years’ War.
The sixteenth century brought the city unprecedented prosperity and considerable profits flowing into the city coffers particularly from the local silver mining as well as from the beer brewing, fish farming and the salt trade.
The Theresian reforms after the mid 18th century transformed České Budějovice into the seat of the newly created region.
The nineteenth century, which was characteristic for its revolutionary technical progress resulted in a fresh impetus for the development of trade and industry. The horse-drawn tramway, erected between 1825 and 1832 as the first on the European Continent, linked České Budějovice to the upper Austrian city of Linz, and together with the Vltava Waterway accelerated the transportation of goods. New enterprises were established such as a pencil factory, breweries, utensil factory and so on.
The 20th century brought further intensive development and České Budějovice became the true economic and cultural capital of South Bohemia.
After 1990 it became a statutory city with its own city mayor. Traditional commercial and cultural relations were restored with Austria, Germany and other European countries.
The economic sphere in particular experienced extensive changes. The important enterprises in the area are the Budějovický Budvar n.p. and Budějovický měšťanský pivovar a.s. breweries, Robert Bosch spol. s.r.o., Madeta Č.Budějovice a.s., Motor Jikov a.s., Koh - i – Noor Hardtmuth a.s.
The South Bohemian University with its five faculties has been active since 1991 when it was opened in České Budějovice.
Complete information about České Budějovice is available at the official website of České Budějovice.